- Bradford, Sue. “Volume: 609; Page: 6591.” New Zealand Parliament. Proc. of Hansard Debates. New Zealand Parliament, 25 June 2003. Web. 24 Jan. 2014.
This is a transcript of the speech Sue Bradford of the New Zealand Green Party made at the Hansard Debates in support of the Prostitution Reform Act. There’s a lot of good information in here. Bradford helped me see how decriminalizing prostitution actually helps the women in the sex industry instead of hurting them. Overall, an interesting and impassioned speech.
- Cho, Seo-Young, Axel Dreher, and Eric Neumayer. “Does Legalized Prostitution Increase Human Trafficking?” Elsevier 41 (2013): 67-82. Science Direct. Jan. 2013. Web. 23 Jan. 2014. <http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305750X12001453>.
This scientific journal entry is a published study of the correlation between legal prostitution and rates of sex trafficking. It demonstrates that worldwide there seems to be a trend of legal prostitution and sex trafficking walking hand in hand. It provided, with great detail, statistics and thoughts around this unique relationship, and helped me see a scientific truth behind it all.
- Dias, Trevor. “New Times / News.” Local Church Group Raises Awareness of Human Trafficking. New Times, 13 Nov. 2013. Web. 21 Jan. 2014. <http://www.newtimesslo.com/news/10246/local-church-group-raises-awareness-of-human-trafficking/>
This news article not only gave me interesting statistics, but it also spoke out about underage sex workers and the issue of consent.
- “Fight Slavery Now!” Fight Slavery Now. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2014. <http://fightslaverynow.org/why-fight-there-are-27-million-reasons/sextraffickinghiddenamidstprostitution/sex-tourism/>
This article explained the 2003 U.S. Protect Act and how that affected the prosecution of sex tourists. It also gave light to how the US government is trying to put an end to it.
- Germany. Bundeskriminalamt. BKA. N.p., 2009. Web. 24 Jan. 2014. <http://www.bka.de/nn_194550/EN/SubjectsAZ/TraffickingInHumanBeings/traffickingInHumanBeings__node.html?__nnn=true>
A publication from the German Federal Criminal Police Office (Bundeskriminalamt) which documents and details sex trafficking throughout Europe. It provided many statistics surrounding Germany’s sex trafficking issues.
- Green, Patricia. “Sex Tourism in Thailand.” World Outreach United Kingdom. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2014. <http://www.wouk.org/rahab_international/pdf_files/Sex%20Tourism%20in%20Thailand.pdf>
This essay focused on sex tourism in Thailand, what sex tourism means, and the effects of it. It also outlined how tourism has increased over the years leading to the increase in prostitution and therefore sex tourism.
- Healy, Catherine. “Legalizing Prostitution: New Zealand’s Example.” Fair Observer°. Fair Observer, 2 Sept. 2013. Web. 24 Jan. 2014.<http://www.fairobserver.com/article/legalizing-prostitution-new-zealands-example>
Interesting and informative article that outlines what New Zealand did right with their prostitution policies and the effect that it has had on the sex industry in the country today. I found a lot of information on the successes and failures of New Zealand’s Prostitution Reform Act here.
- Hechler, David. “Child Sex Tourism.” The Official Website of Andrew Vachss: The Zero 5.0laf. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Jan. 2014. <http://www.vachss.com/help_text/reports/child_sex_tourism.p>
This essay gave useful information about how many child prostitutes there are world wide as well as future plans of how to handle the amount of child prostitution. Although it didn’t give much information about Thailand as I had hoped, it was still very useful to understand child prostitution.
- “Human Trafficking: New Zealand.” HumanTrafficking.org. Academy for Educational Development, n.d. Web. 24 Jan. 2014. <http://www.humantrafficking.org/countries/new_zealand>.
Overall, not very helpful. The only hard-hitting information I found here was that there has been no evidence of foreign trafficking victims in New Zealand since 2001. An interesting fact, but the only one I could find.
- Lloyd, Rachel. “Legality Leads to More Trafficking.” New York Times. N.p., 19 Apr. 2012. Web. 15 Jan. 2014. <http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2012/04/19/is-legalized-prostitution-safer/legalizing-prostitution-leads-to-more-trafficking>
This opinion piece was a big source of insight on legal prostitution in Germany. It is a personal account from an ex-sex worker detailing her time in a German brothel, and her opinion on the legalization of sex work.
- Marr, Stella. “Nevada’s Legal Brothels Are Coercive, Too.” New York Times. N.p., 20 Apr. 2012. Web. 15 Jan. 2014. <http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2012/04/19/is-legalized-prostitution-safer/legalizing-prostitution-leads-to-more-trafficking>.
Similar to Lloyd’s piece, this op-ed article speaks on legal prostitution here in America. This article provided content on the relationship between legal pimps and contracted sex workers. It describes the working conditions of Nevada brothels, and condemns legalization of prostitution.
- Martin, Phillip. “Underground Trade Part Three: The Business of Trafficking.” The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, 11 Feb. 2013. Web. 23 Jan. 2014. <http://www.huffingtonpost.com/phillip-martin/underground-trade-part-th_b_2661817.html>
This article gave a look into what sex tourists are thinking. One quote from a tourists stated that they went to Thailand to have sex because in America relationships were so much work and in Thailand women are taught to serve. He said it gave all the power to the man. This quote really shocked me because it showed the power dynamic between the sex workers and tourists. This helped me see why people travel to Thailand to have sex.
- Newman, Graeme R. “Center for Problem-Oriented Policing.” Center for Problem-Oriented Policing. N.p., 2006. Web. 23 Jan. 2014.<http://www.popcenter.org/problems/trafficked_women/>
This article gave me information on exploitation of sex trafficking victims, and more specifically, children. It talked about the differences between smuggling and trafficking, the different stages of trafficking, the extent of the problem, and the Trafficking Victims Protections Act.
- New Zealand. Ministry of Justice. Estimation of Numbers of Sex Workers. New Zealand Ministry of Justice, n.d. Web. 24 Jan. 2014.<http://www.justice.govt.nz/policy/commercial-property-and-regulatory/prostitution/prostitution-law-review-committee/publications/impact-health-safety/2.-estimation-of-numbers>
One of the best sources I could find for statistics on sex work in New Zealand. The fact that the source is the New Zealand Ministry of Justice was a nice boost of credibility. Statistics I used mainly showed that sex work didn’t explode following decriminalization, the suggested number of prostitutes in New Zealand, and what kind of work they were doing.
- O’Connor, Monica, and Grainne Healy. “The Links between Prostitution and Sex Trafficking: A Briefing Handbook.” CATW International. N.p., 2006. Web. 23 Jan. 2014. <http://www.catwinternational.org/Content/Images/Article/234/attachment.pdf>.
A online handbook published by the Coalition Against Trafficking in Women. The handbook cites many different sources, and draws conclusions about legal prostitutions effects on the modern man. They believe that prostitution gives out sex on a man’s terms, which strengthens the desire for imported girls. It was an interesting analysis of why prostitution may raise the rate of sex trafficking.
- “Horizontales Gewerbe Noch Lange Nicht Legal.” Taz. N.p., 21 Oct. 2006. Web. 23 Jan. 2014. <http://www.taz.de/1/archiv/archiv/?dig=2006/10/21/a0072>.
A German article that speaks on the minimal affect Germany’s laws have had on the way the sex industry is run. It was important to see the law from a German perspective, and gain information about interviews with actual German sex-workers.(The link listed here leads to a German website. If you want to read the article in English, go to this URL: http://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=de&tl=en&u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.taz.de%2F1%2Farchiv%2Farchiv%2F%3Fdig%3D2006%2F10%2F21%2Fa0072)
- “Polaris Project | Polaris Project | Combating Human Trafficking and Modern-day Slavery.” Polaris Project | Polaris Project | Combating Human Trafficking and Modern-day Slavery. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2014.<http://www.polarisproject.org/>
This website explained what the Polaris Project organization is, how it was created, how it has helped the combat of human sex trafficking, and why it matters. I also got useful information about why Chon and Ellerman started it as well as different acts put in place to stop sex trafficking.
- Rivers, Dan. “Thailand Fights to Stem Tide of Child Sex Tourists.” CNN. Cable News Network, 05 July 2010. Web. 23 Jan. 2014. <http://www.cnn.com/2010/WORLD/asiapcf/07/05/thailand.pedophiles/>
This article gave information on police in Thailand putting together task forces to end child sex tourism and how their efforts seem to be working. It enlightened the fact that people are actually trying to do something about child sex tourism because everything else I found just made it seem like an issue that was trying to be stopped.
- Russell, Diana, and Marcia Poole. “Women Against Sexual Slavery.” The Lakireddy Bali Reddy Case. N.p., 2003. Web. 18 Jan. 2014.<http://www.wassusa.com/>
This site gave information about Lakireddy Bali Reddy’s life. It had personal details about many aspects of it, including why he was arrested, what he got charged for, how long he was put away for, details about his sex workers, and names of his family members.
- “Sex Trafficking Is a Grave Violation of Human Rights and a Form of Violence against Women and Children.” Sex Trafficking Is a Grave Violation of Human Rights and a Form of Violence against Women and Children. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2014.<http://www.endvawnow.org/en/articles/538-sex-trafficking-is-a-grave-violation-of-human-rights-and-a-form-of-violence-against-women-and-children.html>
The website had information on sex trafficking violating women and children’s human rights. It told me what rights were being broken and how harmful that can be.
- Tyler, Tracey. “Legalized Brothels ‘fantastic’ for New Zealand, Prostitutes Say.”TheStar.com. Toronto Star Newspapers, 29 Sept. 2010. Web. 24 Jan. 2014
A short article that gave me a better idea of how the decriminalization affects sex workers. The piece has details about how prostitutes feel about policies. Helpful to hear from someone who has experienced it firsthand. Essentially told me that safety and health has been drastically improved by legalization.
- Walker-Rodriguez, Amanda, and Rodney Hill. “Human Sex Trafficking.” FBI. FBI, 22 Feb. 2011. Web. 23 Jan. 2014.<http://www.fbi.gov/stats-services/publications/law-enforcement-bulletin/march_2011/human_sex_trafficking>
Information about signs of sex trafficking that law enforcement looks for, ICE, and the Trafficking Victims Protection Act.
- Williams, Carlis V. “Human Trafficking Is Modern Day Slavery.” Administration for Children & Families. N.p., 13 Feb. 2013. Web. 19 Jan. 2014. <http://www.acf.hhs.gov/blog/2013/02/human-trafficking-is-modern-day-slavery>
This article talked about human trafficking as a national crisis and gave interesting statistics about U.S. sex trafficking victims.